Prime Minister Vajpayee`s push for an agreement on a ceasefire on the line of control in 2003 pushed Tachkent and Shimla forward. It was the first time that India and Pakistan had agreed to a ceasefire that included the international border, the LoC and the Siachen glacier in Jammu and Kashmir. Pakistan`s strengthened relations with China had attracted the attention of world powers at the height of the Cold War. Following the conclusion of a border agreement with China in March 1963, by which it ceded disputed areas to China in Jammu and Kashmir, Islamabad had openly begun to woo Beijing. VI The Indian Prime Minister and the President of Pakistan agreed to consider measures to restore economic and trade relations, communication and cultural exchanges between India and Pakistan and to take steps to implement existing agreements between India and Pakistan. The Tashkent Declaration was a peace agreement between India and Pakistan, signed on 10 January 1966, which resolved the 1965 Indo-Pakistan war. Peace was achieved on 23 September by the intervention of the external powers that pushed the two nations to the truce, lest the conflict intensify and attract other powers.   What followed is very relevant. On 29 January 1966, Lieutenant-General Harbaksh Singh and Lieutenant General Bakhtiar Rana signed an agreement in Lahore on the withdrawal of their troops. It says that “both forces will withdraw from the effective line of control in certain areas at 1,000 metres.” The LoC did not coincide with the CFL. But it has always been open to parties to vary the line. If they did, the line would change, but not the agreement. India is no longer useful for such judgments.
She will be tried in her own case, despite a clear legal situation. On New Year`s Day 1949, a ceasefire came into effect in Kashmir. On 15 January, representatives of both armies signed an agreement to consolidate the ceasefire. The notes made that day by Lieutenant-General Maurice Delvoie, military adviser to the UN Commission for India and Pakistan, and then head of UNMOGIP, read sadly: “At my request, the two commanders-in-chief agreed to re-establish the link on the road between Srinagar rawalpindi and rebuild the necessary bridges. In addition, telephone links between these two locations will be restored. On 27 July 1949, the parties signed an agreement in Karachi establishing the ceasefire line in Kashmir.